One of the photographs in the Farmland Preservation Artists of Central Pennsylvania exhibit at Foxdale depicts gray clouds over a large, off-white silo connected to a barn in State College. For R. Thomas Berner, who took the photograph, barns have historical significance.
“I like to say that barns are the cathedrals of rural America. And they represent, in some cases, a romantic reminder of our agrarian history,” Berner said.
Berner is part of the Farmland Preservation Artists of Central Pennsylvania, which currently has an exhibit at the Foxdale Village Retirement Community in State College. While the photograph is available for viewing in the group’s latest exhibit, the silo and the barn no longer exist as they did.
“It’s a significant photograph in that the silo has since been torn down and the barn has been converted into a brewery. So, you’ll never see that silo again,” Berner said.
Berner said this isn’t the only local farmland impacted by a surge in development.
“As you drive around parts of Centre County, you can see where we used to have farms, and now we have housing developments,” Berner said.
The theme for the exhibit at Foxdale is “local farmland, which is quickly disappearing.” According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s 2017 Census of Agriculture, farmland acreage in Pennsylvania decreased by 6% between 2012 and 2017. In Centre County, it decreased by 8%.
Farmland Preservation Artist member Barbara Pennypacker said she came to love the old farms in Centre County.
“I realized that these barns are getting torn down really quickly. And that was upsetting to me. And I wanted to paint them,” Pennypacker said.
Along with raising awareness about disappearing farmland through their exhibits, the group’s members donate a portion of the funds from the art they sell to the Centre County Farmland Trust. The Trust works with local farmers to place their land in a conservation easement, which prevents it from being developed. There are currently 17 farms preserved by the Trust.
“It’s a big deal for a farmer to do this. It’s a big commitment. Because they get some payment, in some cases, they get some money for this. But in other cases, it’s just a straight donation of the development rights,” Pennypacker said.
The Centre County Farmland Trust says farmland losses in the county are typically to residential development, commercial development and solar installations. Pennypacker said she is worried that more development, including the 322 connector project, will mean more lost local farmland.
“We are interested in raising public awareness of the beauty of the farmland that surrounds us,” Pennypacker said. “The reason for that is, we’re losing this farmland pretty quickly to development. and it doesn’t come back once it’s been developed.”
Farmland Preservation Artist member Jennifer Shuey said there are also concerns about how development impacts local resources.
“We want to make sure that as a community, we look at our resources and we look at those lands and those resources that are most important and make sure that we try to drive development into the places that are least sensitive,” Shuey said.
The impact of development on water resources is a concern too.
Shuey said while changes in the community are inevitable, she hopes there is a balance between development and preserving farmland.
“If there’s a way to steer development into areas that are least sensitive or just to make the development on a particular site as sensitive to the environment, to the resources, as possible, that’s the best way for the community as a whole to get the best outcome,” Shuey said.
The Farmland Preservation Artists exhibit is on display at Foxdale through Tuesday. The group also has permanent works displayed at The Field and the Federal Taphouse in State College.